Apps appliances configuration

SURFsara provides pre-made appliances to their HPC Cloud users. These appliances are available via the Apps option in the Storage section in the HPC Cloud user interface and are meant to help users instantiating VM’s quickly. Currently we provide some basic Apps for CentOS and Ubuntu.

The Apps are endorsed by the SURFsara HPC Cloud team and are kept up to date. In order to provide our customers with a secure working environment, a set of configurations are applied to the images at boot time via cloud-init contextualization. Here you can find some of these configuration details.

  1. Root account

    The root account is not accessible via SSH. There is also no password for the root account, and only accessible locally (from inside the VM).

  2. Access to the VM

    To access the Virtual Machine, an SSH public key needs to be injected to the VM. Ssh access to the VM is granted via a user account which can become root once she’s logged in.

  3. Firewall

    A firewall is active at boot time with all ports closed with exception of the port for SSH access. CentOS based images are configured with iptables, whereas Ubuntu firewall is configured with ufw.

  4. SSH server

    An ssh server is installed and auto-starts upon boot time.

  5. Software updates

    The images are configured to auto-update the OS and packages. It can be disabled by the user afterwards.

  6. Intrusion prevention

    fail2ban is installed and will protect the image from brute-force break-in attempts via ssh / http(s) protocols. A jail ban of 15 min. is applied.

  7. Image template

    The image template has basic settings to instantiate and operate correctly a VM, namely:

    • acpi = yes
    • memory = 1GB
    • (v)CPU = 1
    • localtime = no
    • internet connection
  8. Network connectivity

    The images come with a default internet connection, and a static IP will be assigned to your VM. In case you need to have multiple VM’s that need to communicate with each other, please update the template and add a second network with your internal range.

Note:

More details are described in the appliances themselves at the Apps.